Tapejara was a pterosaur that lived in what is now Brazil during the Cretaceous Period (112 million years ago). Pterosaurs were flying reptiles. Although they were not dinosaurs, they were more closely related to them than any other known reptiles. For this reason, paleontologists refer to dinosaurs and pterosaurs as 'sistergroups'.
At least three different species of Tapejara have been described, but closer examination hasrecently shown that there is really only one species, Taejara wellnhoferi, named after the famous Germanpaleontologist Peter Wellnhofer, who has studied and written aboutmany pterosaurs.